Lecturers’ Role in Managing GBV Affecting University Students in Kenya
Judith S.K* 1 , Achoka, J. S. K 2 . & Wafula, J. A 3
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Kenya aims at providing a high quality of life to her citizenry by 2030. Consequently, it is also hoped that by the year 2015, there would be no gender inequality and that women and men of Kenya would be equally empowered to effectively participate in all industrialization processes. However, this survey study which was done in three public and private universities (namely, Maseno University, Egerton University, University of Nairobi, Daystar University, Kenya Methodist University and United States International University) using questionnaires to collect data from a sample of 144 lecturers, that were analyzed and synthesized both qualitatively and quantitatively, found out that there is an obstacle to educational development in Kenya that needs to be obliterated. This obstacle is gender-based violence (GBV) as affirmed in the field findings by 36.8% of lecturers. The study was prompted by the need to establish the measures taken to prevent the occurrence of GBV, modalities of support for victims, actions taken against perpetrators of GBV and the challenges encountered. Accordingly, this paper examines the part the lecturers contribute in these areas. It was found that lecturers mainly prevent GBV through education, counseling and awareness even though public university students (21.6%) take more self-protection measures. The lecturers support victims of GBV majorly by counseling, moral support and forwarding perpetrators for disciplinary action although some expressed lack of empowerment by the university administration. Stigmatization was found to be a major drawback in the fight against GBV. Among the recommendations are fast prosecution of offenders, involvement of lecturers in policy formulation and sensitization on GBV. The gender institute was also seen as strategic in addressing stigmatization in collaboration with the government.